To remove tartar from your teeth completely, you need dentists or oral hygienists. Because dentists are equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to remove tartar from your teeth and provide helpful oral health recommendations to avoid its recurrence.
Tartar — also called calculus — is made up of plaque and minerals from your saliva. On teeth, tartar can accumulate and damage the gum line. The teeth have a hard covering called tartar. Food and drink can easily leave tartar in your mouth since it is porous.
The deposits of tartar that grow beneath or between teeth are typically yellow or brown in appearance. Both plaque and tartar can be detrimental to your dental health since they form when plaque is left on teeth for a long length of time.
Tartar and plaque can:
- Causes bad breath, from poor oral hygiene.
- Destroy enamel, leading to tooth sensitivity, cavities, and even tooth loss.
- Increase the risk of gum disease.
Dental care routine
The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends the following:
- Brush at least twice a day, ideally rinse after having a meal.
- Use a comfortable toothbrush. Using a manual or an electric toothbrush depends on personal preference — both will effectively remove plaque if used correctly and regularly.
- Brush at an angle and include your gums. Angle the brush at 45 degrees so you can get bristles up into the corners between teeth and gums, where plaque can hide. Use your toothbrush on the areas where your teeth and gum line meet, too.
- Use fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss once a day. Flossing cleans between your teeth and along your gum line to take food particles off your teeth
See more: Scaling and polishing – deep oral cleaning
Prevention: 6 ways to make it tough for tartar to appear
The best defense against the development of calculus and plaque is routine brushing and washing. The following suggestions will help you minimize the number of germs in your mouth and manage tartar buildup:
- A specially formulated toothpaste
Tartar-control toothpaste: Using tartar-control toothpaste resulted in around 35% less calculus than using fluoride toothpaste, according to a 2008 study comparing the effectiveness of the two types of toothpaste.
Toothpaste with baking soda: Because baking soda has a slight abrasive impact, studies show that toothpaste with it is better at eliminating plaque than toothpaste without it.
Skip the charcoal-based toothpaste: It has not been proven that charcoal-based toothpaste is either safe or effective at controlling calculus.
- Whitening strips: According to a 2009 research, those who used pyrophosphate-infused hydrogen peroxide whitening strips on a regular basis for three months had 29 percent less tartar than those who just used a toothbrush.
- Tea: Green tea may help to reduce oral bacterial levels. Try a mouthwash with tea in it if you don’t want to drink tea.
- Eating fresh fruits and vegetables: These meals can help in rinsing away some of the germs in your mouth that develop tartar because they encourage aggressive chewing and, consequently, saliva production. The same is true of sugar-free gum.
- Water flosser: The water flosser pumps a trickle of water into the spaces between teeth to remove bacteria and debris. When used regularly and appropriately, it can remove plaque more effectively than string floss.
- Mouthwash: According to the American Dental Association (ADA), plaque and calculus are lessened by mouthwashes containing antibacterial ingredients such cetyl pyridinium, chlorhexidine, and certain essential oils. It’s essential to keep in mind that these rinses should be used in addition to brushing and flossing.
The advantages of removing tartar
Regular professional cleanings remove tartar accumulation. A dental cleaning can be performed by both traditional and holistic dentists (dentists who take their patients’ total health into account in addition to their oral health). Your dentist or dental hygienist will remove tartar using a hand-held metal scaler (a tool with a hook-like end). Your dentist could advise a thorough cleaning that includes scaling and root planing if you have extensive calculus that has caused gum disease.
Both above and below the gum line, plaque and calculus are eliminated (in the pockets where the gum has come away from the tooth). To encourage the gum to reconnect to the tooth, the teeth’s roots are smoothed. To eliminate microorganisms from a gum pocket that is deep within, a laser may occasionally be employed.
The frequency of having tartar removed
The American Dental Association (ADA) currently recommends that the number of dental appointments depend on your oral health. However, even if you believe your teeth are in good shape, many dentists advise scheduling a cleaning and examination every six months. You’ll need more frequent cleanings if plaque or tartar accumulation is a problem for you.
Some cases that need cleanings more often include:
- A dry mouth often comes from medications or getting older. While saliva contains bacteria, it also aids in the removal of debris.
- Lack the physical dexterity to thoroughly brush their teeth.
- Be prevented from fully understanding or completing a dental hygiene routine.
Tartar affects your gums
Gum disease can result from the irritation and inflammation that calculus causes. The first stage of gum disease can have some signs, including:
- red, swollen gums
- bleeding gums when you floss or brush
- tender gums
Periodontitis can develop from gingivitis and is irreversible. Besides swollen, tender, bleeding gums, look for these symptoms:
- painful chewing
- loose teeth
- separation of gums and teeth
- pus collecting between your teeth
The risk of heart and lung illness rises as a result of the bacteria’s ability to move to the circulation. Therefore, if you observe any of these symptoms, it is vital that you get dental care. By brushing, flossing, and rinsing your teeth as frequently as you can, you may prevent these serious impacts.
About tartar and your teeth
Your mouth has 700 different kinds of bacteria. This bacteria produces plaque, a whitish, sticky film that coats the teeth. Plaque that is full of germs and food particles creates an acid that erodes teeth when combined.
Regular brushing and flossing can remove the majority of plaque before it has a chance to badly damage your teeth. However, calculus forms when plaque that has been allowed to remain on teeth combines with minerals in your saliva.
Although tartar buildup is common, if it’s not treated, it can significantly interfere with your daily life. The greatest defense against this hardened plaque or calculus is frequent brushing, flossing, dental cleanings, and checkups.
How is calculus removed from teeth?
The phrase “debridement” refers to the removal of calculus. An experienced dentist conducts this treatment using an ultrasonic device or a hand-held scale instrument. The calculus is eliminated by the ultrasonic device using high-frequency vibrations and water.
Is dental calculus permanent?
Plaque that hardens into tartar, sometimes referred to as dental calculus, forms a deposit on your teeth. Typically, it is brown or yellow. You require dentists or dental hygienists to remove tartar from your teeth thoroughly. Because dentists are equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to remove tartar from your teeth and provide helpful oral health recommendations to avoid its recurrence.
Can dental calculus fall off?
If tartar isn’t removed, it will calcify and harden. Your tongue and cheek tissue may get hurt if tartar breaks off from the back of your teeth and leaves a sharp edge. It’s possible for this tough coating to crack or divide, letting it enter circulation.
Do gums grow back after calculus removal?
Once you have lost gum tissue, it is typically impossible to get it back. It is permanently lost. However, this does not imply that there is no hope left for you. You might be able to slow the development of gum recession with the appropriate periodontal therapy.
Why is calculus so hard to remove?
Just be sure to clean and floss your teeth correctly. Your own natural saliva can even remove some forms of plaque. Plaque quickly evolves into tartar, which is challenging to eliminate with brushing and flossing, if you don’t entirely remove it.
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